Checklist of the Birds of Thunder Bay District, Ontario

There have been 368 species of birds recorded within the District of Thunder Bay in Ontario as of December 31, 2016. This checklist was compiled in large part by the former TBFN bird records chair, Nick Escott, and current chair, Brian Ratcliff using information supplied by members and friends of TBFN. This is the official Checklist of the Birds of the District of Thunder Bay. 

Nomenclature and taxonomy follow the Seventh Edition of the American Ornithologists' Union Checklist of North American Birds and its supplements. The Thunder Bay District checklist is updated regularly on this website to include new species or to reflect taxonomical changes made by the AOU.

Rare Bird Documentation
Species marked with asterisks are considered rare. If any of these species (or any not on the Checklist), are observed, complete details of the sighting should be recorded and forwarded to the Bird Records Chairman of the Thunder Bay Field Naturalists, bratcliff(at)tbaytel(dot)netBrian Ratcliff.

Printed Copies
Copies of the "Checklist of the Birds of Thunder Bay District, Ontario", Fifth Edition, 2011, published by the Thunder Bay Field Naturalists are available at TBFN meetings. It totals 362 species recorded as of 31 December 2011. The 6th edition is not yet available in print.

Rarity codes

xx - Species considered rare in Northern Ontario by the Ontario Bird Records Committee
x - Additional species considered rare in Thunder Bay District

Status codes

P - Permanent resident; breeds here
S - Summer resident; usually nests in the Thunder Bay District
W - Winter resident
M - Spring and/or fall migrant; expected every year
C - Casual in the District of Thunder Bay, has been reported in 3 to 7 of the past 10 years
A - Accidental in The District of Thunder Bay, has been reported in no more than 2 of the past 10 years
E - Extinct or extirpated; not expected to be seen


 

Checklist of the Birds

Thunder Bay District, 6th Edition 2017

 
Rarity   Common Name Status
     
DUCKS, GEESE and SWANS
 
  Greater White-fronted Goose M
  Snow Goose M
  Ross's Goose M
x Brant A
  Cackling Goose M
  Canada Goose S
xx Mute Swan A
x Trumpeter Swan S
  Tundra Swan M
  Wood Duck S
  Gadwall M
xx Eurasian Wigeon C
  American Wigeon S
  American Black Duck S
  Mallard S
  Blue-winged Teal S
xx Cinnamon Teal A
  Northern Shoveler M
  Northern Pintail M
xx Garganey A
  Green-winged Teal S
  Canvasback M
  Redhead M
  Ring-necked Duck S
xx Tufted Duck A
  Greater Scaup M
  Lesser Scaup M
xx Harlequin Duck M
  Surf Scoter M
  White-winged Scoter M
  Black Scoter M
  Long-tailed Duck M
  Bufflehead S
  Common Goldeneye P
xx Barrow's Goldeneye A
  Hooded Merganser S
  Common Merganser S
  Red-breasted Merganser S
  Ruddy Duck M
   
PARTRIDGES, GROUSE and TURKEYS
   
  Gray Partridge E
  Ring-necked Pheasant P
  Ruffed Grouse P
  Spruce Grouse P
xx Willow Ptarmigan A
  Sharp-tailed Grouse P
xx Greater Prairie-Chicken E
  Wild Turkey P
   
GREBES
   
  Pied-billed Grebe S
  Horned Grebe M
  Red-necked Grebe S
x Eared Grebe A
xx Western Grebe A
 
PIGEONS and DOVES
   
  Rock Pigeon P
xx Band-tailed Pigeon A
xx Eurasian Collared-Dove A
  Passenger Pigeon E
xx Common Ground-Dove A
xx White-winged Dove C
  Mourning Dove P
 
CUCKOOS and ANIS
   
x Yellow-billed Cuckoo C
  Black-billed Cuckoo S
xx Grooved-billed Ani A
 
GOATSUCKERS, SWIFTS and HUMMINGBIRDS
   
  Common Nighthawk S
  Eastern Whip-poor-will S
  Chimney Swift S
xx Mexican Violetear A
  Ruby-throated Hummingbird S
xx Anna's Hummingbird A
xx Rufous Hummingbird C
 
RAILS, GALLINULES and COOTS
   
xx Yellow Rail A
  Virginia Rail S
  Sora S
xx Common Gallinule A
  American Coot M
 
CRANES
   
  Sandhill Crane S
 
STILTS and AVOCETS
   
xx American Avocet A
 
PLOVERS
   
  Black-bellied Plover M
  American Golden-Plover M
xx Snowy Plover A
  Semipalmated Plover M
xx Piping Plover A
  Killdeer S
 
SANDPIPERS and PHALAROPES
   
x Upland Sandpiper A
  Whimbrel M
  Hudsonian Godwit M
  Marbled Godwit M
x Ruddy Turnstone C
x Red Knot C
xx Sharp-tailed Sandpiper A
  Stilt Sandpiper M
  Sanderling M
  Dunlin M
xx Purple Sandpiper A
  Baird's Sandpiper M
  Least Sandpiper M
  White-rumped Sandpiper M
  Buff-breasted Sandpiper M
  Pectoral Sandpiper M
  Semipalmated Sandpiper M
xx Western Sandpiper A
  Short-billed Dowitcher M
x Long-billed Dowitcher C
  Wilson's Snipe S
  American Woodcock S
  Spotted Sandpiper S
  Solitary Sandpiper S
  Greater Yellowlegs S
xx Willet C
  Lesser Yellowlegs M
x Wilson's Phalarope C
x Red-necked Phalarope C
xx Red Phalarope A
 
JAEGERS
   
xx Pomarine Jaeger A
x Parasitic Jaeger C
xx Long-tailed Jaeger A
 
GULLS and TERNS
 
xx Ivory Gull A
xx Sabine's Gull A
  Bonaparte's Gull S
xx Little Gull A
x Franklin's Gull C
xx Mew Gull A
  Ring-billed Gull S
xx California Gull A
  Herring Gull S
  Thayer's Gull M
  Iceland Gull M
x Lesser Black-backed Gull C
xx Slaty-backed Gull A
  Glaucous Gull W
  Greater Black-backed Gull M
  Caspian Tern S
x Black Tern C
  Common Tern S
xx Arctic Tern A
xx Forster's Tern A
   
LOONS
   
  Red-throated Loon M
xx Pacific Loon C
  Common Loon S
 
SHEARWATERS and PETRELS
   
xx Northern Fulmar A
 
CORMORANTS and PELICANS
   
  Double-crested Cormorant S
  American White Pelican S
 
HERONS and BITTERNS
   
  American Bittern S
xx Least Bittern A
  Great Blue Heron S
xx Great Egret C
xx Snowy Egret A
xx Little Blue Heron A
xx Tricolored Heron A
xx Cattle Egret C
xx Green Heron C
xx Black-crowned Night-Heron C
 
VULTURES AND OSPREY
   
xx Black Vulture A
  Turkey Vulture S
  Osprey S
 
HAWKS, KITES and EAGLES
   
  Bald Eagle P
  Northern Harrier S
  Sharp-shinned Hawk S
  Cooper's Hawk S
  Northern Goshawk P
  Broad-winged Hawk S
xx Swainson's Hawk A
  Red-tailed Hawk S
  Rough-legged Hawk M
  Golden Eagle M
 
OWLS
   
xx Barn Owl A
  Great Horned Owl P
  Snowy Owl W
  Northern Hawk Owl P
xx Burrowing Owl A
  Barred Owl P
  Great Gray Owl P
  Long-eared Owl S
  Short-eared Owl S
  Boreal Owl P
  Northern Saw-whet Owl S
 
KINGFISHERS
   
  Belted Kingfisher S
 
WOODPECKERS
 
xx Lewis's Woodpecker A
x Red-headed Woodpecker M
  Red-bellied Woodpecker W
  Yellow-bellied Sapsucker S
  Downy Woodpecker P
  Hairy Woodpecker P
  American Three-toed Woodpecker P
  Black-backed Woodpecker P
  Northern Flicker S
  Pileated Woodpecker P
 
CARACARAS and FALCONS
   
xx Crested Caracara A
  American Kestrel S
  Merlin S
  Gyrfalcon W
  Peregrine Falcon S
 
TYRANT FLYCATCHERS
   
  Olive-sided Flycatcher S
  Eastern Wood-Pewee S
  Yellow-bellied Flycatcher S
  Alder Flycatcher S
xx Willow Flycatcher A
  Least Flycatcher S
xx Dusky Flycatcher A
  Eastern Phoebe S
xx Say's Phoebe C
xx Ash-throated Flycatcher A
  Great Crested Flycatcher S
xx Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher A
xx Tropical/Couch's Kingbird A
x Western Kingbird C
  Eastern Kingbird S
xx Scissor-tailed Flycatcher C
xx Fork-tailed Flycatcher A
   
SHRIKES
   
xx Loggerhead Shrike C
  Northern Shrike W
   
VIREOS
   
xx White-eyed Vireo A
xx Bell's Vireo A
x Yellow-throated Vireo A
  Blue-headed Vireo S
  Philadelphia Vireo S
x Warbling Vireo A
  Red-eyed Vireo S
   
CROWS and JAYS
   
  Gray Jay P
  Blue Jay P
xx Clark's Nutcracker A
x Black-billed Magpie C
  American Crow P
  Common Raven P
   
LARKS
   
  Horned Lark M
   
SWALLOWS
   
x Purple Martin A
  Tree Swallow S
xx Violet-green Swallow A
x Northern Rough-winged Swallow S
  Bank Swallow S
  Cliff Swallow S
  Barn Swallow S
   
CHICKADEES, NUTHATCHES and CREEPERS
   
  Black-capped Chickadee P
  Boreal Chickadee P
  Red-breasted Nuthatch P
  White-breasted Nuthatch P
  Brown Creeper S
   
WRENS
   
xx Rock Wren A
  House Wren S
  Winter Wren S
  Sedge Wren S
x Marsh Wren C
xx Carolina Wren A
xx Bewick's Wren A
   
GNATCATCHERS and KINGLETS
   
xx Blue-gray Gnatcatcher A
  Golden-crowned Kinglet S
  Ruby-crowned Kinglet S
   
OLD WORLD FLYCATCHERS
   
xx Northern Wheatear A
 
THRUSHES
 
  Eastern Bluebird S
xx Mountain Bluebird A
  Townsend's Solitaire W
  Veery S
  Gray-cheeked Thrush M
  Swainson's Thrush S
  Hermit Thrush S
x Wood Thrush C
  American Robin S
  Varied Thrush W
   
 
MOCKINGBIRDS and THRASHERS
   
  Gray Catbird S
  Brown Thrasher S
xx Sage Thrasher A
  Northern Mockingbird M
   
STARLINGS
   
  European Starling P
   
WAXWINGS
   
  Bohemian Waxwing W
  Cedar Waxwing S
   
OLD WORLD SPARROWS
   
  House Sparrow P
xx Eurasian Tree Sparrow C
 
PIPITS
   
  American Pipit M
xx Sprague's Pipit A
   
FINCHES
   
xx Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch C
  Pine Grosbeak W
x House Finch P
  Purple Finch S
  Red Crossbill P
  White-winged Crossbill P
  Common Redpoll W
  Hoary Redpoll W
  Pine Siskin P
  American Goldfinch S
  Evening Grosbeak P
 
LONGSPURS and SNOW BUNTINGS
 
  Lapland Longspur M
xx Chestnut-collared Longspur A
xx Smith's Longspur C
  Snow Bunting M
 
NEW WORLD WARBLERS
 
  Ovenbird S
  Northern Waterthrush S
x Golden-winged Warbler C
xx Blue-winged Warbler A
  Black-and-white Warbler S
  Tennessee Warbler S
  Orange-crowned Warbler M
  Nashville Warbler S
xx Virginia's Warbler A
  Connecticut Warbler S
  Mourning Warbler S
xx Kentucky Warbler A
  Common Yellowthroat S
xx Hooded Warbler A
  American Redstart S
  Cape May Warbler S
  Northern Parula S
  Magnolia Warbler S
  Bay-breasted Warbler S
  Blackburnian Warbler S
  Yellow Warbler S
  Chestnut-sided Warbler S
  Blackpoll Warbler M
  Black-throated Blue Warbler S
  Palm Warbler S
x Pine Warbler C
  Yellow-rumped Warbler S
xx Yellow-throated Warbler A
xx Prairie Warbler A
xx Townsend's Warbler A
  Black-throated Green Warbler S
  Canada Warbler S
  Wilson's Warbler S
xx Yellow-breasted Chat A
 
NEW WORLD SPARROWS
   
xx Green-tailed Towhee A
xx Spotted Towhee C
x Eastern Towhee W
xx Cassin's Sparrow A
  American Tree Sparrow M
  Chipping Sparrow S
  Clay-colored Sparrow S
xx Brewer's Sparrow A
xx Field Sparrow  C
  Vesper Sparrow S
x Lark Sparrow M
xx Black-throated Sparrow A
xx Lark Bunting C
  Savannah Sparrow S
xx Grasshopper Sparrow C
  Le Conte's Sparrow S
x Nelson's Sparrow A
  Fox Sparrow M
  Song Sparrow S
  Lincoln's Sparrow S
  Swamp Sparrow S
  White-throated Sparrow S
  Harris's Sparrow M
  White-crowned Sparrow M
xx Golden-crowned Sparrow A
  Dark-eyed Junco S
 
CARDINALS and allies
   
xx Summer Tanager M
  Scarlet Tanager S
xx Western Tanager C
  Northern Cardinal P
  Rose-breasted Grosbeak S
xx Black-headed Grosbeak A
xx Blue Grosbeak C
xx Lazuli Bunting A
  Indigo Bunting S
xx Painted Bunting C
xx Dickcissel C
 
NEW WORLD BLACKBIRDS
   
  Bobolink S
  Red-winged Blackbird S
x Eastern Meadowlark A
  Western Meadowlark M
  Yellow-headed Blackbird M
  Rusty Blackbird S
  Brewer's Blackbird S
  Common Grackle S
  Brown-headed Cowbird S
xx Orchard Oriole C
xx Bullock's Oriole A
  Baltimore Oriole M
xx Scott's Oriole A
     
ESCAPEES
 
American Flamingo
European Goldfinch 
Common Chaffinch 
Eurasian Siskin
Chukar
Black-necked Swan
Zebra Finch
Diamond Dove
Ring Turtle Dove
Budgerigar
Golden Pheasant
Mandarin Duck
Cockatiel
 
UNCONFIRMED-Not accepted by OBRC
 
MacGillivray's Warbler
Cerulean Warbler
Yellow-billed Loon